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氢能产业需警惕投资与市场发育相脱节的风险
双击自动滚屏 发布者:zq1229 发布时间:2016-11-17 15:28:41 阅读:879次 【字体:
 

氢能产业需警惕投资与市场发育相脱节的风险
    近年来,氢能源以绿色环保、高能量的鲜明特征,成为了国际新能源领域发展方兴未艾的一只生力军,在全球能源格局调整与气候变化应对中发挥着越来越重要的作用。
     日前,在首届氢能源发展及应用国际峰会上,全国氢能标准化技术委员会秘书长王赓介绍,我国氢能源储能丰富,在制氢、储氢、加氢等环节的关键装备技术都有一定突破;在用氢的应用拓展环节,也已经被广泛应用于交通、电力、热力、燃气等社会领域,预计到2020年,氢气产能规模达到720亿立方米/年。
    国家能源局原副局长张玉清表示,中国应把握机遇,及时化解氢能产业化过程中的问题和实现相关技术的突破,开展广泛的国际化交流合作,共同促进全球能源转型和可持续发展。
  “氢能的研究和开发已形成一个新高潮,为加快我国氢能发展与应用步伐,发展‘氢能经济’,国家要加强顶层设计,提前做好产业战略布局。同时鼓励相关企业积极参与相关研究与开发,集中力量针对部分核心技术、关键技术进行联合攻关,拓展应用领域,构建氢能系统产业链及相关产业化体系。”中国投资协会副会长兼秘书长张永贵认为,氢能要实现健康的产业化发展,政策引领与市场主导缺一不可。
   国家质检总局清华大学质量与可靠性研究院执行院长吴甦也表达了近似的观点,“国家的顶层设计与支持很重要,但要吸取过去光伏产业的发展教训,关键还是要靠市场需求带动企业投入,打造系统的、稳妥的产业链条。”
   峰会上,来自产业链上的企业代表也分享了在氢能源开发与利用上成果。中国中车股份有限公司总工程师张新宁表示,轨道交通历史上的三次牵引动力革命,都离不开技术的发展创新,新时期轨道交通的发展正在呼唤新一轮的动力革命。在推动氢能源行业产学研融合方面,清华大学校务委员会主任、原副校长郑燕康表示,学校的氢能源探索与研究项目已取得良好进展,愿意与相关部门和单位一起推进氢能源发展与应用。联合国工业发展组织中国投资促进办事处首席代表胡援东也表示,将利用联合国工业发展组织的资源与力量,促进氢能在全球的推广和应用。
   据悉,本次峰会由中国投资协会、国家质检总局清华大学质量与可靠性研究院、联合国工业发展组织共同发起和支持。中国投资协会理事、新能源投资研究中心主任成惠明在接受记者采访时表示,从国内外发展的经验来看,在高新技术发展的初期,要倡导行业自律规范和企业经营规范,避免企业对政府财政补贴的过度依赖,才能有效防止投资立项一哄而上,规避在新技术发展的初期就出现投资与市场发育相脱节的风险,这其实也是一种变相的“产能过剩 ”风险。在这方面,氢能源开发及应用国际峰会将对接国家相关产业政策,促进国内外的氢能源开发利用的交流与合作,为行业健康发展发挥助力作用。Hydrogen industry need to guard against risk between investment and market development  

 
In recent years, hydrogen energy with a distinctive feature of green environmental protection, high energy, has become the international field of new energy development is a force in the global energy structure adjustment and playing an increasingly important role in climate change.  
 
A few days ago, in the first hydrogen energy development and application of international summit, the hydrogen standardization technical committee secretary general Wang Geng introduction, my country is rich in hydrogen energy storage, in hydrogen production, hydrogen storage, hydrogenation of key equipment technology has certain breakthrough; In application development of links with hydrogen, has also been widely used in transportation, electricity, heat, gas, and other areas of the society, by 2020, hydrogen production scale of 72 billion cubic meters per year.  
 
National energy bureau deputy director of the original yuki, said China should grasp the opportunity and timely solve the problems in the industrialization of hydrogen and a breakthrough in technology, extensive international exchanges and cooperation and jointly promote the global energy transformation and sustainable development.  
 
"Hydrogen research and development has formed a new climax, to speed up the development and applications of hydrogen, the development of" hydrogen economy ", the countries should strengthen the top-level design, ahead of industrial strategy layout. At the same time encourage the relevant enterprises to actively participate in related research and development, concentrating on part of the core technology, key technology for joint research and development applications, industrial chain and related industrial system to build the hydrogen system." The China investment association vice-chairman concurrently secretary general yong-gui zhang thinks, the hydrogen to realize the industrialization development of health, policy and market leading be short of one cannot.  
 
General administration of quality supervision, inspection and quarantine executive director of institute of quality and reliability, tsinghua university and Wu Su also expressed a similar view, "the country’s top design and support is very important, but should draw lessons from the past development of photovoltaic industry, the key still depends on market demand, build system, err on the side of the industry chain."  
 
On the summit, from the industrial chain of enterprise representatives also Shared the results on the development and utilization of hydrogen energy. Car co., LTD., the chief engineer in China xin-ning zhang said that three times in the history of the rail transit traction revolution, is inseparable from the development of technology innovation, the development of rail transit in the new period is called a new round of revolution. In the hydrogen production, energy industry convergence, tsinghua university, director of the school committee, former vice President Zheng Yankang said the school’s hydrogen energy exploration and research projects have made good progress, is willing to advance together with the relevant departments and units of hydrogen energy development and application. The United Nations industrial development organization (unido) chief representative Hu Yuandong also said China’s investment promotion office, will use the resources and power of the United Nations industrial development organization, promote the promotion and application of the hydrogen in the world.  
 
It is reported that the summit by the China investment association, the general administration of quality supervision, inspection and quarantine institute of quality and reliability, tsinghua university, the United Nations industrial development organization jointly sponsored and supported. China investment association, new energy investment research center director ChengHuiMing said in an interview with reporters, from the development experience at home and abroad, at the beginning of the new and high technology development, to advocate self-discipline standard and management regulations of the enterprise, avoid enterprise of excessive dependence on government subsidies, can effectively prevent the investment project rush, avoid appear in the early years of the new technology development risk between investment and market development, it is also a kind of the equivalent of "excess capacity" risk. In this regard, hydrogen energy development and application of international summit will docking relevant national industrial policy, promote the hydrogen energy development and utilization of domestic and foreign exchanges and cooperation, for the healthy development of the industry play a role of booster.  
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